Freemasonry and solidarity work
Since the emerging of freemasonry in Portugal, in 1727, its members, whether individually, in group or as a Lodge, look to deep the bows of solidarity between Brethren, but also intervene in the profane world through solidarity institutions and others alike devoted to charity, assistance or cultural purposes. The motivation was to assist the economic, social or cultural excluded, coming from the point that through education and a solid economic structure the country may progress and develop. Several of these institutions were founded, ever since the end of the 18Th century, by Freemasons belonging to several masonic Obediences. One of main masonic entities was the Academy of Sciences of Lisbon (still today active). Between its founders the duke of Lafões and Abbot Correia da Silva deserve a special reference. Throughout the XIX and XX centuries Freemasonry was responsible for the creation of many educational institutions, namely, primary and secondary schools, schools devoted to permanent education and mobile farmer schools. They have as goal the struggle against illiteracy and the cultural development of citizens.